Most of the new nations legally ended the society of castes in which status depended upon color and ethnicity.
Between andhe won victories in Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador. Conservative reaction led to civil war and the summoning of French assistance. Cuba became an American economic dependency, and Puerto Rico was annexed.
Independence opened up Latin America to direct influence from other European nations. Liberals returned to power during the last quarter of the 19th century. Internal disputes between liberals and conservatives were complicated by arguments for and against the monarchy.
Mass culture was not affected by elite trends; traditional forms flourished, but were ignored by most of the elite. They intervened in national politics to make and unmake governments.
Development of new trading cities Video transcript - [Narrator] In this video, I want to talk about human migration. Paraguay separated from it in The Mexican constitution was a federalist document that established a republic and guaranteed basic civil rights.
Revolutions occurred when European events stimulated local actions.