Fundamentals of research methodology

Quantitative and qualitative approach and these are illustrated by author through an example of series of questions that how mathematics should be thought and what are effective ways of doing so where he stated that former one is quantitative while latter one is qualitative.

research methodology books

Workload Teaching takes place through a weekly 2 hour seminar. Then observations are differentiated from hypothesis and designated as a tool to gather evidences and solution provider of research problem.

These groupings of methods are to map the means and their usage in a particular research. But a researcher has to embark on journey of unknown to bring back the genuine discovery.

what is methodology pdf

Reviewing theoretical and research literature is an early and developmental stage of a research. In addition to this, author of book provided us with approaches to conduct historical researches by two approaches, named as perspective and retrospective approach.

research methodology pdf ranjit kumar

Another major lacking, as per my understanding is that author quoted few writers in each chapter of this book, although he should have mentioned experts of survey method exclusively and philosophical methods separately, so point here is the redundancy of citing similar writers again and again.

Rating Scale as another important tool for expression of opinion regarding a specific situation or person etc.

Research methodology pdf notes free download

Another character of planning is to impose control over the situation and lever to enhance those set of controls. In addition to this, author of book provided us with approaches to conduct historical researches by two approaches, named as perspective and retrospective approach. To reach the core of problem usually starts from analyzing it periphery and impacts first, so in case we have to define and pin point the problem, Dr. Another major lacking, as per my understanding is that author quoted few writers in each chapter of this book, although he should have mentioned experts of survey method exclusively and philosophical methods separately, so point here is the redundancy of citing similar writers again and again. Chapter— Analysis of Data In this chapter author tried to empower a researcher with the techniques of analyzing and interpreting data, its types, needs and planning required to do so. Robert Rusk underpinned the notion of research question as sound philosophy and common- sense evoker. Statistical analysis techniques and their functions are mentioned by writer in this part as, a researcher should consider interpretation of findings and presenting the data. Singh exemplified it as thread bare analysis. But a researcher has to embark on journey of unknown to bring back the genuine discovery. I must say, this chapter was concluded thoroughly by comparison of basic fundamental and applied action research in 15 distinguished points in the form of table, demarking a clear divide in both types. Theoretical is explanatory and adds in basic human knowledge such as physics, chemistry etc while factual is descriptive an objective research which describe past events and facts like history whereas applicative is innovation and modification in practice.
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Fundamental Research