Media playback is unsupported on your device School Report - Scriptwriting masterclass Jim from Radio 1's Newsbeat explains the process involved in writing a good script for TV, Radio and Online.
Leads tell the reader what the story is about and why it's important. What pictures would they use to illustrate the report? Choose short sentences over lengthy sentences that require many forms of punctuation.
Historically, large-circulation newspapers were sometimes willing to print special editions known as extras to report on critical breaking news.
Each paragraph should introduce a new idea and, like sentences, be short and to the point. Although media organizations try to be as factual as possible, breaking news moves quickly, and some information may be misreported or inaccurate.
Most stations will also interrupt their broadcasts to provide safety information in the event of an emergency such as a rapidly spreading fire or disease outbreak, although this may not be termed a news flash.