The civil war summary

Following the war, three amendments were added to the Constitution which abolished slavery 13thextended legal protection regardless of race 14thand abolished all racial restrictions on voting 15th. On April 29, Union naval forces captured New Orleans.

On September 10 a Union victory at Carnifax Ferry in the Big Kanawha Valley of West Virginia virtually ended Confederate control in most of the western counties, although there would be raids and guerrilla warfare there.

June 8, Abraham Lincoln is nominated by his party for a second term as president.

civil war history

Applauded by many abolitionists including Frederick Douglass, there are others who feel it does not go far enough to totally abolish slavery. Throughout the war, the Union had a decided advantage in both numbers and quality of naval vessels.

Meade in a three-day battle near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania that left nearly 51, men killed, wounded, or missing in action.

What caused the civil war besides slavery

It was also fading in the border states and in Southern cities, but it was expanding in the highly profitable cotton districts of the rural South and Southwest. The Union commander, Nathaniel Lyon, was killed, the first Federal general to die in action during the war. Several battles had already taken place--near Manassas Junction in Virginia, in the mountains of western Virginia where Union victories paved the way for creation of the new state of West Virginia, at Wilson's Creek in Missouri, at Cape Hatteras in North Carolina, and at Port Royal in South Carolina where the Union navy established a base for a blockade to shut off the Confederacy's access to the outside world. Rather than invest in factories or railroads as Northerners had done, Southerners invested their money in slaves—even more than in land; by , 84 percent of the capital invested in manufacturing was invested in the free nonslaveholding states. Bee at First Manassas. Both sides knew that the financial advantages of slavery not the moral position were in conflict between them. In addition to losing many of its young men, sons, husbands, fathers, and friends to the conflict, the Southern planter aristocracy was crushed in the war, and never regained its political power. Railroads, the telegraph , steamships, and iron-clad ships, and mass-produced weapons were employed extensively. Joseph Hooker. On July 1, elements of the two armies clashed at Gettysburg , PA. Grant took Vicksburg Mississippi , a victory that would prove to be the turning point of the war in the western theater. On April 25, the fleet arrived at New Orleans where they demanded the surrender of the city. As a consequence, the population of the states that stayed in the Union was approximately 23 million as compared to a population of 9 million in the states of the Confederacy. On April 12, after Lincoln ordered a fleet to resupply Sumter, Confederate artillery fired the first shots of the Civil War. The Republicans called for an increase in tariffs in the election.

What remained of the Confederate forces, once more under the command of Joseph Johnston, was far too small to stop the juggernaut.

Many people in the north and the south believed that slavery was immoral and wrong, yet the institution remained, which created a large chasm on the political and social landscape. Fleeing north, they were besieged at Chattanooga. The war drug on far longer than one might expect, if you just looked at statistics.

Civil war map

Economically, the North and South differed in nearly every way. The Western Theater began west of the Alleghenies West Virginia excepted and continued to the Mississippi River, but it also included the interior of the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida. The Crittenden Compromise of was an expression of this view. Focused on slavery and states rights, these issues came to a head following the election of Abraham Lincoln in Two massacres marked Had the North tried to free slaves in these areas, more aid would have been generated for the South, and slave-owning Maryland's secession would leave the U. The last significant battles raged around the Siege of Petersburg. Some , black soldiers would join the Union Army by the time the war ended in , and 38, lost their lives.

Since the end of the Civil War, veterans and other citizens have struggled to preserve the fields on which Americans fought and died. Lincoln announced his Emancipation Proclamation. The South lacked the substantial number of factories and industries of the North that produced needed war materials.

civil war causes
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The American Civil War