The united nations framework convention on climate change and the position of african countries
The public is being educated on waste and garbage collection and refusal disposal to avoid breeding of mosquitoes Government of Malawi The system can issue health alerts through analysing and integrating weather and health thresholds data. Policy development Almost all countries sampled had some form of legal and policy provisions for sustainable health sector, although many were carried out in an era when climate change was not pronounced.
Finally, the study shows that the rapid development of adaptation options as measures for managing the risks of climate change on human health has resulted in the emergence of a broad range of adaptation policies and management strategies in the African continent.
Other developed countries without second-round targets are Canada which withdrew from the Kyoto Protocol in  and the United States. Other health education programmes being carried out include the eradication of taxes on electric fans, food handling, rodent and pest eradication and community health inspections for mosquitoes.
The HSSP III further mainstreams climate change matters through the formation of guidelines on climate change mainstreaming in the health sector, staff sensitisation on climate change and adaptation in the Ministry of Health MoH and other relevant departments, enhancing early warning systems and weather forecasts dissemination to health practitioners for timely response and preparedness Government of Uganda Response and planning actions assist the government to provide public health interventions in a timely manner.
Rwanda, through its Ministry of Natural Resources, is implementing and strengthening hydro-agro-meteorological early warning system by creating and rehabilitating new hydro-meteorological stations.
Causes of global warming in africa
Interpreting article 2[ edit ] Further information: Climate change mitigation The ultimate objective of the Framework Convention is to "stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic [i. Many countries reported challenges faced while employing adaptation measures in the health sector. It counsels that there is urgent need to equip negotiators with adequate data backed by research on different dynamics of climate in Africa to help them advance solid arguments backed by evidence. This programme provides adequate public education on access to improved sanitation and safe water. The government is expanding community health services delivery through establishing mobile clinics in dispersed settlements and difficult terrains Government of Nigeria The research aimed to intensify surveillance, community advocacy and training, control parasites using artemisinin-based combination therapy and vectors by indoor residual spraying using DDT or pyrethroids Department of Environmental Affairs [DEA] These include increased international, regional and sub-regional cooperation; increased health benefits improved latrines and the culture of handwashing after using the toilet, destroying breeding sites for mosquitoes ; sustainable public health systems; improved water storage; increased public awareness on linkage between climate change, socio-economic and health, improved human health; institutional and human capacity development through trainings of health professionals, etc. The Malaria Control Programme is promoting effective and prompt malaria case management at household, health facilities and community levels. The country is working towards closing the gap in health indicators between its Lower Egypt and Upper regions and between rural and urban areas Government of Egypt Vector control programmes will be implemented together with public awareness and health education programmes at community level. African representatives, he says, have managed to obtain favourable deals to help in climate mitigation and adaptation, such as the African Renewable Energy Initiative AREI which was hammered out at COP21 in Paris in However, following the precautionary principle, uncertainty is not a reason for inaction, and this is acknowledged in Article 3. We have the skills and we do a good job.
Sierra Leone is working on initiatives to change building designs to reduce heat stress Government of Sierra Leone The Framework Convention specifies the aim of developed Annex I Parties stabilizing their greenhouse gas emissions carbon dioxide and other anthropogenic greenhouse gases not regulated under the Montreal Protocol at levels, by the year These results were in line with reviewed literature suggesting that low-income nations are engaging in adaptation, and this can provide an obligation for developed countries to start facilitating transfer of technology and resources to developing nations.
A good example is that the government is encouraging people to paint their house roofs with white or silver to reduce heat absorption, cross-ventilation of windows and to pay attention to settlements design.
List of climate change conferences
FAO, Rome. Share this page. The main objective of the policy was to provide a framework on disease preparedness, prevention, response and recovery. Public education, training and awareness Malawi, through the Ministry of Health and Population Services MoHPS , is rolling various programmes for educating the public on risks and behavioural change to deal with climate change impacts on its health system. Many of the several activities being reported for this study as climate change adaptation were likely already underway as part of general health protection. Most African countries, especially those in lower resource settings, general health sector strengthening is a form of climate change adaptation. The results also showed how African countries are participating in adaptation responses, international treaties and in health areas. However, following the precautionary principle, uncertainty is not a reason for inaction, and this is acknowledged in Article 3. The health awareness programmes are carried out to assist communities to make informed decision on diseases prevention measures. Surveillance, research and monitoring is assisting the governments in the provision of ambulances for emergency health preparedness in vulnerable areas Government of Botswana ; Government of Ghana Nigeria is raising awareness on critical health issues that would enable community members to take pre-emptive actions against health challenges Government of Nigeria Sierra Leone is working on initiatives to change building designs to reduce heat stress Government of Sierra Leone
based on 27 review