Such techniques can correct for statistical limitations e. Structure may also clarify the cognitive schemata used to interpret responses Green,thus allowing responses to be classified and judged more systematically and accurately.
Given that modern work continues to shift toward team-based and knowledge-based structures, these collective processes become important determinants of performance. As noted earlier, Figure 1 illustrates that these dashed arrows are each within a single level micro or macro.
An equally difficult issue is the unknown construct validity of many interviews. How much of a validity difference must be found at the individual level to translate into business unit differences?
Although at the unit level there is likely a need for control variables e. They also rely on complex clinical judgment that may not easily translate into practice for managers.
More attention should be given to what constructs are measured by interviews as well as how they are measured. Most studies did not contain enough information to judge the level of structure on all components.
This is known as human capital advantage in the macro literature e. If the content of interviews is unclear, meta-analytic results must be correspondingly ambiguous.