Why gdp is not a perfect measure of well being
To differentiate developed from developing countries, economists mostly classify nations into First, Second, Third and Fourth World economies Cryns,p.
Next, the paper deals with difficulties which could occur by comparing GDP of different countries. Accordingly, other measures such as GDP per head of the employed population have to be used to generate a convincing comparison of the average output of each worker Sloman,p.
However brilliant the concept, a measure that was invented in the manufacturing age as a means of fighting the Depression is becoming less and less capable of imparting sensible signals about complex modern economies.
Indeed, some of the environmental degradation might itself boost GDP. I am my own travel agent, a job that would once have been performed by a fully paid-up GDP-producing employee. Hence, the contribution of each single product to the GDP is measured by its market price.
If something has to be sacrificed to get GDP growth moving, whether it be clean air, public services, or equality of opportunity, then so be it. It explains how inadequate metrics have led to deficient policies in many areas.
Is gdp a good measure of economic growth
However, volunteer work, housework or looking after an ageing relative count for nothing. For instance, they have always different numbers of inhabitants, different economical and ecological requirements and mostly different currencies Fullbrook, , p. The data reveals the US is riddled with so-called inequality traps and those born at the bottom are likely to remain there. In fact, their choice of more leisure would suggest they prefer the extra leisure to the goods and services they give up by consuming it. Hence, it would be interesting in what way these factors are considered in the GDP calculation. By comparing GDP across countries some problems arise because it has to be adjusted at regional differences such as different currencies and different price levels. The number of hours of sleep in the US has been steadily declining from about eight hours in to 6. This leads to the question whether GDP is also a good measure of well being? In poor countries, the informal sector is practically invisible to GDP. The point is that GDP makes no distinction.
He wanted to subtract, rather than add, things he considered detrimental to human wellbeing, such as arms, financial speculation and advertising.
But we need to pay more attention to other measures to complete the picture, some of which already exist and some of which we may have to invent. It should definitely not be scrapped - it is still far too valuable a policy tool for that.
Is gdp a good measure of economic welfare
The number of hours of sleep in the US has been steadily declining from about eight hours in to 6. It is good at quantity, but lousy at quality. Kuznets was uneasy about a measure that treated all production equally. Different opinions exist. Generally, there are three methods of measuring GDP. But its wealth was falling. Only wealth accounts could have drawn attention to that. This could be highlighted by different examples. How can the sum total of everything we do as human beings be so compacted? It squishes all of human activity into a couple of digits, like a frog jammed into a matchbox. Better metrics would also become an important diagnostic tool, helping countries both identify problems before matters spiral out of control and select the right tools to address them. If we are to eliminate these, we first have to know that they exist, and then ascertain what creates and sustains them. Especially social factors are not recorded in this measure.
The point is that GDP makes no distinction.
based on 69 review